The Eastern region of Sri Lanka has been reported to be the most tsunami affected and neglected area. In response to an appeal to support the affected people in Eastern coast, ARF/AMAN has provided initial assistance to set up shelters for woman and children. ARF/AMAN’s staff, with the help of Community Trust Fund, made a visit to Anuradhapura, Batticaloa and 3 provinces in Trincomalee district namely Kininya, Nilaveli and Trincomalee town.Trincomalee DistrictTrincomalee Town
41 families have been displaced. All houses were destroyed as the city is located in the middle of sea shore with beach at both sides.Nilaveli
About 869 Muslim families have been displaced and thousands have evacuated to other districts due to complete destruction of houses and fear of the new hit of tsunami. 238 families are sheltered in Jamalia Muslim Mahawittayalai with 4 toilets. About 2,000 families in Irakakandy community are waiting for help. 80 people are injured in the hospital. 50 families from the coastal side are now sheltered in the houses of villagers in division B where houses are less affected. 60 families have evacuated to highland with insufficient number of shelters and food. The government has sent a team of doctors for health check up and 4 kg of rice was given to each family by private firm. Food and toilet are the most needed items. Kuchchaveli and Pudawakaddu are the areas that no one has gone to help as the road is completely destroyed, resulting in no road connection. People are now staying in insufficient number of shelter or even under the trees.Kininya
Most affected area in Trincomalee district with 9684 families. The only hospital was destroyed. 4 organizations are working to provide water supply and medical service. However the number of shelters is insufficient. The road connection is destroyed due to flood. Only way to access is small ship. The government, sent food supply but was diverted to other area due to inability to transfer.Anuradhapura District
Although Anuradhapura is not affected by tsunami, thousands of displaced families from Trincomalee and Ampara districts are now in the warm embrace of Anuradhapura.
Kekirawa, Horawapothana and Kalawewa towns are the areas identified by the team that none of aids agencies have reached so far to care for displaced tsunami victims. People of both communities are already facing economic hardship and mal-sanitation due to extreme poverty; the hospitality extended to the displaced tsunami victims deteriorates their situation.Kalawewa
About 115 displaced families from Marudamunai town in Ampara district are now sheltered in households of Kalawewa villagers. Approximately 10-15 families are housed in one small household.
Kekirawa-Horawapothana is about 80 kilometer away from Anuradhapura town. The Buddhist temple and surrounding Buddhist villagers are housing over 1,000 displaced Muslim families without any assistance from governmental and private aids agencies.Food Conflict
There is high conflict over food between Tamil and Singhalese troops. There have been a number of reports that many cars delivering relief items were stopped at the check point along the way from west to east. Those cars found to head to Eastern area where Tamil and Muslim were persuaded by military to help Singhalese in the south instead and if refuse will, in turn, be looted food and relief items. The Tamil troops also acted the same way to get relief items for affected victims in LTTE areas. The most affected and neglected victims are, therefore, Muslim who have to have force to obtain those food.Shelter
The remaining buildings such as schools, government offices, mosques, temples and churches have been converted into shelters and IDP camps. However they are insufficient and over crowdedness pose high tendency of infectious epidemic breakout.Widow and Orphan
A number of widow and orphan caused by the tsunami are urgently in need of care, especially woman who are prone to get infected with diseases in the overpopulated camp.
The rape cases have been reported. Therefore, there is a need to take care of this most vulnerable group.Sanitation
Drinking water has turned into salt water due to flood and therefore, water tanks are needed. People are sleeping without mats and walk with barefoot, limited number of toilet despite crowdedness. All these pose danger in possible outbreak of epidemic.Landmine
Due to flood, landmines in the landmine areas and troop camps of both Tamil and Singhalese have been scattered in some places. The government, though, identified, there is uncertainty of safety. The demining is urgently needed.Food
Fishing equipments have been washhed off. The government has declared the prohibition of fishing and entering the forest areas as villagers may encounter with LTTE troop and landmines scattering in some places. As a result people can’t get fish and get firewood for cooking.